A Mini Review on the Synthesis of Ag-Nanoparticles by Chemical Reduction Method and their Biomedical Applications

Qurbat Zahra, Ahmad Fraz, Almas Anwar, Muhammad Awais, Mudassar Abbas

Abstract


This mini-review provides an adequate amount of information about the synthesis of silver nanoparticles through various routes. Among the competitors, Sodium-, borohydride and citrate, water, polyvinyl pyrrolidone and sodium citrate and silver nitrate are the most commonly employed reducing agents, solvent, capping agents and silver salt precursor. The particles thus formed when incorporated to form blended materials can be used in advanced applications, especially in medical devices, preventing the adhesion of microorganisms over them. Herein, the similar function of silver, either distributed over the polymeric material surfaces as a polished layer or equally dispersed therein, will be presented. The marked examples include incorporation of silver nanoparticles into fluff pulp through sonochemical impregnation and blending the silver nanoparticles synthesized through solvent free, greener routes into poly(dicyclopentadiene).

Keywords


Antimicrobial properties, Blended materials, Green synthesis, Silver nanoparticles

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